Best and worst aquatic plants for pond (pros and cons):

Many aquatic plants will do well in your pond. They provide a natural appearance to your pond & can offer food to your fish. Also, fish can hide in plants that relieve their stress. Fries can eat plants & use them for hiding. Live plants can offer fish a home similar to their wild habitat & most of the fish thrive better in a heavily planted pond. If you want to know what are the best & worst plants for your pond then this article can help you.

Pond plants are divided into 5 categories such as submerged, emerged, bog, marginal & floating plants. They can be placed in different regions of your pond such as from the outer edge to underwater.

 

Submerged pond plants:

Submerged pond plants have their roots buried in substrate or fixed at the bottom of water. Submerged pond plants are helpful for aerating water. They keep algae in control by absorbing nutrition that can cause abrupt growth of algae. They also keep water clean by absorbing toxic chemicals & pollutants released from fish waste. They need regular pruning & some fish like goldfish or cichlids will eat them completely.


Best Pond Plants: Submerged Aquatic Plants
Best Pond Plants: Submerged
Image Credit: meethepet.com

Following submerged plants are suitable for your pond: hornwort & eelgrass.


Emersed pond plants:

Emersed pond plants have their roots buried in substrate or fixed at the bottom of water but they will grow above the surface of water. Emersed aquatic plants can lower aquarium temperature by providing shade to lower parts of the aquarium. They grow their vegetation outside water, & absorb nutrition from water using its roots that act as food for the plant. Lower plants will not receive enough light which is required for photosynthesis.


Best Pond Plants: Emersed Aquarium Plants
Best Pond Plants: Emersed

Following emersed plants are suitable for your pond: Water Lily, Pickerelweed & Arrowhead Plant


Bog plants for pond:

Bog plants are placed on the outer boundary of the pond. If you want to keep them healthy then bury them in moist soil. Ponds can be created with bog. They are best for water purification & provide more regions for planting aquatic plants.

High sunlight is good for bog plants as well as they thrive well in moist soil.

Following bog plants are suitable for your pond: Pitcher Plant, Corkscrew Rush & Rodgers Flower.

 

Marginal plants for pond:

Marginal plants can live if water level is up to 6 inches. They like wet soil too.

Following marginal plants are suitable for your pond: Northern Blue Flag, Ogon Golden Sweet Flag & Marsh Marigolds

 

Floating pond plants (bad):

Floating plants’ roots are not buried in substrate so they are freely floating on water. These plants should not be introduced to ponds because they are slippery. Popular floating plants are duckweed & salvinia. When you put your arm in the pond then duckweed / salvinia will stick to your arm. Also, floating plants are not fixed because their roots are not buried so wind can easily blow them. Floating plants can absorb lots of nutrition so they are the best filtration plants.


Bad Pond Plants: Free-Floating Plants
Bad Pond Plants: Free-Floating
Image Credit: clemson.edu

If you are careless & can’t maintain your pond plants then it could cause imbalance in the ecosystem of water.

Read: Advantages and disadvantages of floating aquatic plants


Bad pond plants:

Certain plants can quickly cover your pond. It offers a jungle-like appearance which does not look beautiful. Bad pond plants are Cabomba, Naiad, milfoil, phragmites & curly-leaf pondweed.

 

Toxic pond plants (worst):

Certain plants consist of toxic chemicals that are extremely dangerous to fish. Their leaves, fruits, bark or other parts are deadly for the life of fish. Please do not add the following plants in your pond:

Flowering tobacco, Caladium, Foxglove, Holly, Angel's trumpet, Black walnut, Daphne, Climbing nightshade, Azalea, Chokecherry/Cherry, Juniper, Castor bean, Horsechestnut, Jasmine, Morning glory, Red maple & Wisteria.

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